When they married, Athenian women had two main roles: to bear children, and to run the household. The ideal Athenian woman did not go out in public or interact with men she was not related to, though this ideology of seclusion would only have been practical in wealthy families.
What gender roles were there in Athens?
Ancient Athens was most definitely a male dominated society, and the exclusion of women from politics and civic daily life influenced the areas where women weren’t excluded, such as religion. Women were important to maintaining Athenian society and were especially important in fulfilling religious rituals.
What were the specific gender roles rights and responsibilities in Athens?
In Athens, women generally couldn’t own property, couldn’t vote, and weren’t allowed to participate in the government. In other city-states, women had a few more rights, but still had less rights than men. Women usually had no say in who they married. They were “given” in marriage by their father to another man.
What were gender roles in ancient Greece?
In ancient Greece, the traditional roles were clear-cut and defined. Women stayed home to care for children and do housework while men left to work. This system of society was not too far off the hunter gatherer concept where women cared for the house and the men hunted.
What did boys and girls do in Athens?
In Athens, however, girls and boys were brought up much differently. While boys went off to school at age seven, young girls continued to stay at home until they were married, rarely ever leaving their house. Girls were not formally educated, but some mothers did teach their daughters to read and write.
Who were slaves in Athens?
Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. Indeed, one of the criticisms of Athens was that its slaves and freemen were difficult to tell apart.
How were slaves treated in Greece?
Slaves in ancient Greece were treated like pieces of property. For Aristotle they were ‘a piece of property that breathes’. They enjoyed different degrees of freedom and were treated kindly or cruelly depending on the personality of the owner.
What was the role of slaves in Athens?
Slaves in ancient Greece played various roles. They performed all the tasks that were degrading to the Greeks. They did all the domestic chores, acted as travel companions, and even delivered messages. Agricultural slaves worked on farms, and industrial slaves worked in mines and quarries.
What rights did men have in Athens?
Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries. However, democracy was not open to everyone. Citizen women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government.
What would happen if a family did not have a male heir in ancient Greece?
What would happen to a family who did not have a male heir? They would pass their wealth down to the closest male heir.