These cognitive attributes are different in males and females. Generally, females show advantages in verbal fluency, perceptual speed, accuracy and fine motor skills, while males outperform females in spatial, working memory and mathematical abilities [2,3].
What is known about cognitive differences between males and females quizlet?
Women perform better than men on a variety of memory tasks. Women score higher on memory tasks. … Females score higher than males on a small number of verbal tasks. Gender similarities = language skills such as spelling, vocabulary, word association, reading comprehension, and learning a second language.
What is responsible for gender differences in cognitive processing?
Biological and genetic differences in combination with environment and culture have resulted in the cognitive differences among men and women. Among biological factors, hormones such as testosterone and estrogen may play some role mediating these differences.
Which statement is most generally true related to gender differences in cognitive abilities?
Which statement is most generally true related to gender differences in cognitive abilities? There are differences between the genders but they tend to be small in magnitude.
What factors might explain these observed gender differences quizlet?
What factors might explain these observed gender differences? Perceptions: The same behavior from “take-charge” men may be seen as “aggressive” in women. Norms: In most societies, men more than women strive for power and achievement.
Why are males more delinquent than females quizlet?
What are the trends in gender differences in the delinquency rate? Males have higher rates than females because they have lower emotional maturity. Their inability to develop the self-control needed to manage their emotions and leads to delinquency.
Does gender play a role in intelligence?
Males estimated their general IQ slightly, but mathematic IQ significantly higher than females, who rated their social and emotional intelligence higher than males. Masculine individuals awarded themselves somewhat higher verbal and practical IQ scores than did female participants.
Are there gender differences in male and female brains?
And the answer is: hardly at all. “Men and women’s brains do differ slightly, but the key finding is that these distinctions are due to brain size, not sex or gender,” Dr. Eliot said. “Sex differences in the brain are tiny and inconsistent, once individuals’ head size is accounted for.”
Does gender affect thinking?
In conclusion, males and females are more similar in terms of cognitive functions and emotions than previously anticipated. Cultural background, education, gender equity, gender stereotypes, practice, and hormone levels have substantial influences on cognition and emotion.
Who can concentrate more boy or girl?
Girls also produce more serotonin and oxytocin, which may make them calmer, more interested in emotional connection, and capable of maintaining focus for longer periods of time. A study found that middle-school girls edge out boys in overall self-discipline.
What is the gender difference hypothesis?
The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. That is, men and women, as well as boys and girls, are more alike than they are different.
What are the social differences between males and females?
Masculine people tend to communicate affection by including their friends in activities and exchanging favors. Masculine people tend to communicate with each other shoulder-to-shoulder (e.g., watching sports on a television). In contrast, feminine people are more likely to communicate weakness and vulnerability.
What are some of the cultural influences on gender roles?
While many people and organizations challenge these traditional gender roles, the influence of mainstream culture remains evident in perceptions while other cultural influences are growing.
- Employment. …
- Family Relations. …
- Social Behavior. …
Which of the following is true about observed gender differences?
which of the following is TRUE about observed gender differences? experts agree that the interaction between sex and gender makes it hard to separate the two. experts agree that psychoanalytic theory adequately explains gender differences. … experts agree that observed gender differences are biologically determined.
Which theory asserts that gender roles are learned and that they are a result of nurture not nature?
Cognitive theory asserts that gender roles develop as a result of a child’s understanding of sex differences, not from the biological need to reproduce.