Russian, French, Spanish, and Arabic are all examples of such languages. In French, wine and chocolate are masculine. In Arabic, soup and the calendar year are feminine. Speakers of these languages must take care to mark gender with definite articles and pronouns.
Which languages have male and female nouns?
French, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian, along with the other minor Romance languages spoken west of the bygone Iron Curtain, all use a masculine-feminine noun classification; that is, all nouns are either masculine or feminine.
Why do languages use masculine and feminine?
Languages have gender (which isn’t just about sex) because it has (had) been useful to say things about the nature of objects. The most common and natural division is animate / inanimate (not masculine / feminine). And yet, there seems to be something attractive to having a male / female distinction.
What languages do not use masculine and feminine?
There are some languages that have no gender! Hungarian, Estonian, Finnish, and many other languages don’t categorize any nouns as feminine or masculine and use the same word for he or she in regards to humans.
Why does English not have masculine and feminine?
The loss of gender classes was part of a general decay of inflectional endings and declensional classes by the end of the 14th century. … Late 14th-century London English had almost completed the shift away from grammatical gender, and Modern English retains no morphological agreement of words with grammatical gender.
Does Dutch have gender?
Almost all Dutch speakers maintain the neuter gender, which has distinct adjective inflection, definite article and some pronouns. … In Belgium and southern dialects of the Netherlands, the distinction between the three genders is usually, but not always, maintained.
Are French words gendered?
Gender. Every French noun has a grammatical gender, either masculine or feminine. … Nonetheless, there are some such nouns that retain their grammatical gender regardless of natural gender; personne ‘person’ is always feminine, while (at least in “standard” French) professeur ‘teacher’ is always masculine.
Why are words feminine or masculine?
As to rules, for “most” words the gender comes from the object of the word. Also, some words have a gender from their sense, for example, qualities are mostly feminine. Masculine is used for languages, substantives, most countries, city names in general, materials, “calendar” (months, days, seasons)…
Why are French words gendered?
French is derived from Latin, which has masculine, feminine and neuter. Neuter disappeared over time, some of the neuter nouns becoming feminine, others masculine. Latin originated from Proto-Indo-European, which also had the same three genders.
What words in French are masculine and feminine?
Either way, here are some examples of the masculine and feminine forms:
- un acteur, une actrice (actor)
- un boulanger, une boulangère (baker)
- un infirmier, une infirmière (nurse)
- un caissier, une caissière (cashier)
- un avocat, une avocate (lawyer)
- un pharmacien, une pharmacienne (pharmacist)