Caring masculinities can be defined as alternatives to hegemonic, dominant forms of masculinity. They are masculinities based on care-giving and nurturing roles for men rather than the dominating, aggressive roles normally associated with hegemonic masculinity in western societies.
What are the advantages of caring masculinity?
A reduction in the harmful costs of hegemonic masculinity can lead to benefits for men, including increased physical and psychological health, longer life expectancy, increased quality of social life, better familial relationships, and reduced violence between men.
What are the characteristics of hegemonic masculinity?
Characteristics associated with hegemonic masculinity include strength, competitiveness, assertiveness, confidence, and independence. Being gentle, compassionate, emotional, and dependent, for example, are characteristics of hegemonic femininity.
What are the four types of masculinity?
This model conceives that the relationships among male individuals con- sist of four categories of masculinity: hegemony, subordination, complicity and marginalization. Connell affirms, “We must recognize the relations between the different kinds of masculinity: relations of alliance, dominance, and subordination.
How do you explain masculinity?
Masculinity is a form of gender, variously defined as an identity, a social role, and a form of power and is typically, though not exclusively, associated with men.
What are the different types of masculinity?
Connell posits four types of masculinities, more as positions in relation to one another than as personality types: hegemonic, complicit, subordinated, and marginalized. The hegemonic position is the currently accepted male ideal within a particular culture at a particular time.
Why is Hegemonic Masculinity important?
Hegemonic masculinity has been used in education studies to understand the dynamics of classroom life, including patterns of resistance and bullying among boys. It was also used to explore relations to the curriculum and the difficulties in gender-neutral pedagogy.
What are the effects of hegemonic masculinity?
The lack of life options and choices drastically reduces the degree of individual freedom in deciding the life one has reason to value. Hegemonic masculinity, therefore, produces far-reaching effects on society, harming social equality and human development.
What is Emphasised femininity?
Emphasized femininity is defined by its “compliance with this subordination and […] oriented to accommodating the interests and desires of men” (Connell 183). … Features of emphasized femininity include “vulnerability, fragility, acceptance of marriage, sexual receptivity, and motherhood” (Finley 361).
What is a masculine woman?
Masculine or manly women are female-bodied individuals who possess qualities that are perceived to be masculine. These women are masculine in appearance, have masculine interests, prefer the company of men, and/or perform masculine tasks or jobs.
What is femininity and masculinity?
Masculinity is seen to be the trait which emphasizes ambition, acquisition of wealth, and differentiated gender roles. Femininity is seen to be the trait which stress caring and nurturing behaviors, sexuality equality, environmental awareness, and more fluid gender roles.