In summary, males tend to have higher bone density and content and they achieve it at later age compared with females. This difference is not explained by nutrition, level of physical activity, body weight or lean mass, but it may be because of the bone size.
Does a gender difference exist in the maintenance of bone mineral density?
Data of estimated fracture risk, differed very significantly for sex and bone density at the vertebral site, indicating that men present fracture at a higher bone density level compared with females; in 10% of study population fractures occurred at a QCT level of 105 mg/cm(3) in women and 120 mg/cm(3) in men.
Are there differences in how you approach the treatment of osteoporosis in male vs female patients?
Men generally receive osteoporosis treatment less often than women even after sustaining a fracture. Men are less commonly prescribed bisphosphonate, which has been found to reduce mortality risk following hip fracture.
Are male bones more dense than female?
Males have larger skeletal size and bone mass than females, despite comparable body size.
Are males or females more prone to bone fractures?
The prevalence of osteoporosis and the risk of fracture are higher in women than in men. This is partially due to differences in BMD, bone size, and bone strength between men and women. Even though women fracture more often, men tend to have worse outcomes after fractures.
Why are females more affected to osteoporosis than males?
Women. Women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men because the hormone changes that happen at the menopause directly affect bone density. The female hormone oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. After the menopause, oestrogen levels fall.
Does bone density affect weight?
Confusion exists concerning the effects that weight loss has on bone health. Recent findings: Bone density is more closely associated with lean mass than total body mass and fat mass.
What is the normal range of osteoporosis?
|Normal||Bone density is within 1 SD (+1 or −1) of the young adult mean.|
|Low bone mass||Bone density is between 1 and 2.5 SD below the young adult mean (−1 to −2.5 SD).|
|Osteoporosis||Bone density is 2.5 SD or more below the young adult mean (−2.5 SD or lower).|
What can be done to prevent osteoporosis?
Diet, vitamin D and weight-bearing exercise can help to prevent osteoporosis. If you have osteoporosis, medical treatment can prevent further bone loss and reduce your risk of bone fractures.
What can a woman do to prevent osteoporosis?
Women should get 30 to 40 minutes of physical activity, three to four times each week. This activity should include a combination of resistance training and weight-bearing exercise. Eat a bone-healthy diet. Women should eat foods rich in dietary calcium and protein, along with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Which gender has stronger bones?
The larger skeleton achieved during growth in men produces a stronger bone than in women (i.e. a bone that tolerates larger absolute loads). But, this is not the explanation for the lower incidence of fragility fractures in elderly men than in elderly women.
Which race has the highest bone density?
The bone density is quite a bit higher in the African Americans. It is also higher in men than in women. Asian persons tend to have bone density that is as low or even lower than Caucasians. Hispanic people have bone density that is about the same or a little bit higher than Caucasians.