Sex refers to biological differences between males and females. For example, chromosomes (female XX, male XY), reproductive organs (ovaries, testes), hormones (oestrogen, testosterone). … The biological approach suggests there is no distinction between sex & gender, thus biological sex creates gendered behavior.
How does the biological theory of gender development explain the differences in gender quizlet?
One biological explanation of gender development is the role of hormones and genes. Biological sex is determined by genes, which are on chromosomes. Chromosomal sex controls whether an embryo will develop ovaries or testes.
What are biological differences between males and females?
The two sexes are differentiated as females, who have ovaries and produce eggs, and males, who have testes and produce sperm. In mammals, females typically have XX chromosomes and males typically have XY chromosomes.
What are the different theories of gender development?
These theories can be generally divided into three families: biological, socialization, and cognitive. According to biological theories, psychological and behavioral gender differences are due to the biological differences between males and females.
How do you explain gender differences?
Gender differences are variances between males and females that are based on biological adaptations that are the same for both sexes.
What is an example of the biological factors that might contribute to gender differences?
Biology does influence gender development. For example, some differences between typical boys and girls can be explained by the effect of genes on sex chromosomes, and by the levels of sex hormones and their effect on the brain during early development (e.g., prenatal exposure to high levels of male-typical hormones).
What happens with how gender differences develop according to the cognitive developmental theory?
According to cognitive developmental theory, gender identity is postulated as the basic organizer and regulator of children’s gender learning (Kohlberg, 1966). Children develop the stereotypic conceptions of gender from what they see and hear around them.
What are the 5 genders?
The Bugis have five genders; cis men and women, transgender men and women, and the intersex bissu. The tradition dates back at least 600 years, according to anthropologists.
What separates a man from a woman?
Men have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome, the latter being responsible for the characteristics that make men male, including the male sexual organs and the ability to produce sperm. In contrast, women have two copies of the X chromosome.
Why do we have two sexes?
Biologically speaking, the most important difference between the sexes is that females produce eggs that are much larger than the sperm of the male. … Once they’ve evolved to have different gametes, the sexes are also driven to evolve other differences.
What is gender development theory?
Theory suggests that children. use gender as a schema to organize and guide their view of the world. acquire gender-specific behaviors through social-learning. own thought processes encourage gender development.
What are the six approaches of gender and development?
The six main theoretical approaches are: “(1) the welfare approach; (2) women in development (WID); (3) women and development (WAD); (4) gender and development (GAD); (5) the effectiveness approach (EA); and (6) mainstream gender equality (MGE).