Men are at greater risk for cardiovascular and renal disease than are age-matched, premenopausal women. Recent studies using the technique of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring have shown that blood pressure is higher in men than in women at similar ages.
Does gender affect systolic blood pressure?
Results: Systolic blood pressures (SBP) and pulse pressures (PP) were higher in males than in females among adults less than 45 years old. After age 45, SBP and PP were higher in females. Diastolic blood pressures were lower among adult females across all age categories.
Which gender is more prone to hypertension?
Overall, the prevalence of hypertension was higher in men (34.6%) than in women (30.8%). However, after the age of 60 years, hypertension was more prevalent in females than in males. Regardless of sex, the older the participants were, the more likely they were to have hypertension.
Why do males have higher blood pressure than females?
As shown in Figure 1, based on the literature, the most important factors that control blood pressure in males and females are activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and activation of the RAS to increase Ang II, the combination of which would increase sodium reabsorption by the kidney shifting pressure- …
How does age and gender affect blood pressure?
A significant gender by age interaction was found with men aged 18–49 having 17% lower odds of hypertension control and men aged ≥ 65 having 12% higher odds of hypertension control compared to women of similar ages (p<0.001).
What is the normal blood pressure by age?
Normal Blood Pressure By Age
Why is there a different in systolic BP at rest between female and male?
Conclusions In adolescence, BP is lower in girls than boys, with the difference being determined mainly by lower stroke volume during physical challenges and by lower total peripheral resistance during mental challenges. Body composition and insulin resistance contribute to these differences.
Can hypertension be cured?
Hypertension is a chronic disease. It can be controlled with medication, but it cannot be cured. Therefore, patients need to continue with the treatment and lifestyle modifications as advised by their doctor, and attend regular medical follow up, usually for life.
What is normal blood pressure for male and female?
ideal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher. low blood pressure is considered to be 90/60mmHg or lower.
Which age range is affected the greatest by high blood pressure?
Age. The risk of high blood pressure increases as you age. Until about age 64, high blood pressure is more common in men. Women are more likely to develop high blood pressure after age 65.