Although the incidence of CVD in women is usually lower than in men, women have a higher mortality and worse prognosis after acute cardiovascular events. These gender differences exist in various CVDs, including coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and aortic diseases.
Why is gender a risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
The incidence of cardiovascular disease is known to be higher in men than in women of similar age, and this gender difference is more prominent at a younger age (1) and is partly explained by protective effects of sex hormones (2).
Does gender make a difference in a patient’s risk for coronary artery disease?
While women have similar risk factors for CHD, studies have shown that the absolute risk of CHD is lower in women as compared to men.
Is heart disease more common in males or females?
The term heart disease refers to several types of heart conditions, including coronary artery disease and heart attack. Although heart disease is sometimes thought of as a man’s disease, almost as many women as men die each year of heart disease in the United States.
Why are men at higher risk of cardiovascular disease?
Overall, it appears that men’s coping with stressful events may be less adaptive physiologically, behaviorally, and emotionally, contributing to their increased risk for CHD.
What is the leading controllable risk factor for all forms of cardiovascular disease?
The “controllable” risk factors are: Smoking. High blood pressure. High blood cholesterol.
How can you prevent cardiovascular disease?
There are several ways you can reduce your risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD), such as lowering your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet. …
- Be more physically active. …
- Keep to a healthy weight. …
- Give up smoking. …
- Reduce your alcohol consumption. …
- Keep your blood pressure under control.
What are some gender differences in cardiovascular disease?
The prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is greater in women than men; while rates of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and dilated cardiomyopathies in general are higher in men. Rates of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy are higher among women than men.
What are the major forms of cardiovascular disease?
Four of the main types are described below.
- Coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked or reduced. …
- Strokes and TIAs. …
- Peripheral arterial disease. …
- Aortic disease.